ODRŽIVI RAZVOJ KAO NAČIN ŽIVOTA - Permaculture

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ODRŽIVI RAZVOJ KAO NAČIN ŽIVOTA - Permaculture

Порукаод Elrond Smith » Суб Дец 17, 2011 1:08 pm

Svrha ove teme jeste da se razmjenjuju znanja o održivom razvoju kao načinu života.
Da pokaže da je uobičajeno učenje o poljoprivredi glupost tj. reklama za prodaju otrova.
Da može da se živi u skladu sa prirodom i pri tom sasvim fino živi i imaju isti prinosi kao kada se koriste moderna đubriva, pesticidi, a da se ne troše nikakva dodatna sredstva ili da vam za to treba više zemljišta.
Da pokaže da se ne morate odreći udobnog načina života i tehnologije da biste živjeli u skladu sa prirodom, zdravo se hranili i živjeli.

Ono što sam odabrao kao osnovu ove teme jeste permaculture.
The ring can not stay here Mr. Anderson
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Elrond Smith
 
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Придружен: Пет Јун 25, 2010 11:01 pm

Re: ODRŽIVI RAZVOJ KAO NAČIN ŽIVOTA - Permaculture

Порукаод Elrond Smith » Суб Дец 17, 2011 1:09 pm

What is Permaculture?

Illustration by Cecilia Macaulay

Permaculture (the word, coined by Bill Mollison, is a portmanteau of permanent agriculture and permanent culture) is the conscious design and maintenance of agriculturally productive ecosystems which have the diversity, stability, and resilience of natural ecosystems. It is the harmonious integration of landscape and people — providing their food, energy, shelter, and other material and non-material needs in a sustainable way. Without permanent agriculture there is no possibility of a stable social order.

Permaculture design is a system of assembling conceptual, material, and strategic components in a pattern which functions to benefit life in all its forms.

The philosophy behind permaculture is one of working with, rather than against, nature; of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless action; of looking at systems in all their functions, rather than asking only one yield of them; and allowing systems to demonstrate their own evolutions.

Permaculture in Landscape and Society
As the basis of permaculture is beneficial design, it can be added to all other ethical training and skills, and has the potential of taking a place in all human endeavors. In the broad landscape, however, permaculture concentrates on already-settled areas and agricultural lands. Almost all of these need drastic rehabilitation and re-thinking. One certain result of using our skills to integrate food supply and settlement, to catch water from our roof areas, and to place nearby a zone of fuel forest which receives wastes and supplies energy, will be to free most of the area of the globe for the rehabilitation of natural systems. These need never be looked upon as “of use to people”, except in the very broad sense of global health.

The real difference between a cultivated (designed) ecosystem, and a natural system is that the great majority of species (and biomass) in the cultivated ecology is intended for the use of humans or their livestock. We are only a small part of the total primeval or natural species assembly, and only a small part of its yields are directly available to us. But in our own gardens, almost every plant is selected to provide or support some direct yield for people. Household design relates principally to the needs of people; it is thus human-centered (anthropocentric).

This is a valid aim for settlement design, but we also need a nature-centered ethic for wilderness conservation. We cannot, however, do much for nature if we do not govern our greed, and if we do not supply our needs from our existing settlements. If we can achieve this aim, we can withdraw from much of the agricultural landscape, and allow natural systems to flourish.


Illustration by Cecilia Macaulay

Recycling of nutrients and energy in nature is a function of many species. In our gardens, it is our own responsibility to return wastes (via compost or mulch) to the soil and plants. We actively create soil in our gardens, whereas in nature many other species carry out that function. Around our homes we can catch water for garden use, but we rely on natural forested landscapes to provide the condenser leaves and clouds to keep rivers running with clean water, to maintain the global atmosphere, and to lock up our gaseous pollutants. Thus, even anthropocentric people would be well-advised to pay close attention to, and to assist in, conservation of existing forests and to assist in, the conservation of all existing species and allow them a place to live.

We have abused the land and laid waste to systems we never need have disturbed had we attended to our home gardens and settlements. If we need to state a set of ethics on natural systems, then let it be thus:

Implacable and uncompromising opposition to further disturbance of any remaining natural forests, where most species are still in balance;
Vigorous rehabilitation of degraded and damaged natural systems to stable states;
Establishment of plant systems for our own use on the least amount of land we can use for our existence; and
Establishment of plant and animal refuges for rare or threatened species.
Permaculture as a design system deals primarily with the third statement above, but all people who act responsibly in fact subscribe to the first and second statements. We believe should use all the species we need or can find to use in our own settlement designs, providing they are not locally rampant and invasive.

http://permaculture.org.au/what-is-permaculture/
The ring can not stay here Mr. Anderson
Корисников грб
Elrond Smith
 
Поруке: 5341
Придружен: Пет Јун 25, 2010 11:01 pm

Re: ODRŽIVI RAZVOJ KAO NAČIN ŽIVOTA - Permaculture

Порукаод Elrond Smith » Суб Дец 17, 2011 1:20 pm

Sledećih nekoliko klipova su možda malo poduži, ali mogu da objasne šta je koncept permaculture načina života i uzgajanja - koristiti samo prirodne materijale, dizajn, znanje, dobra rešenja... da bi stvorili sistem koji je samoodrživ i koji uvijek može da da maksimalne prihode i raznovrsnost.
Nema pesticida, nema vještačkih đubriva, posle gradnje sistema nema korištenja nafte i naftnih derivata...
The ring can not stay here Mr. Anderson
Корисников грб
Elrond Smith
 
Поруке: 5341
Придружен: Пет Јун 25, 2010 11:01 pm

Re: ODRŽIVI RAZVOJ KAO NAČIN ŽIVOTA - Permaculture

Порукаод Elrond Smith » Суб Дец 17, 2011 1:21 pm

The ring can not stay here Mr. Anderson
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Elrond Smith
 
Поруке: 5341
Придружен: Пет Јун 25, 2010 11:01 pm

Re: ODRŽIVI RAZVOJ KAO NAČIN ŽIVOTA - Permaculture

Порукаод Elrond Smith » Суб Дец 17, 2011 1:21 pm

The ring can not stay here Mr. Anderson
Корисников грб
Elrond Smith
 
Поруке: 5341
Придружен: Пет Јун 25, 2010 11:01 pm

Re: ODRŽIVI RAZVOJ KAO NAČIN ŽIVOTA - Permaculture

Порукаод Elrond Smith » Суб Дец 17, 2011 1:21 pm

The ring can not stay here Mr. Anderson
Корисников грб
Elrond Smith
 
Поруке: 5341
Придружен: Пет Јун 25, 2010 11:01 pm

Re: ODRŽIVI RAZVOJ KAO NAČIN ŽIVOTA - Permaculture

Порукаод Elrond Smith » Суб Дец 17, 2011 1:22 pm

The ring can not stay here Mr. Anderson
Корисников грб
Elrond Smith
 
Поруке: 5341
Придружен: Пет Јун 25, 2010 11:01 pm

Re: ODRŽIVI RAZVOJ KAO NAČIN ŽIVOTA - Permaculture

Порукаод Elrond Smith » Суб Дец 17, 2011 4:19 pm

primer dizajna jednog imanja koje je u skladu sa ovim načinom rada i uzgajanja useva:

Слика

za punu sliku pogledati: http://www.permaculture.org.au/images/n ... tancy1.jpg
(ovdje se vidi samo dio projekta)
The ring can not stay here Mr. Anderson
Корисников грб
Elrond Smith
 
Поруке: 5341
Придружен: Пет Јун 25, 2010 11:01 pm

Re: ODRŽIVI RAZVOJ KAO NAČIN ŽIVOTA - Permaculture

Порукаод Elrond Smith » Суб Дец 17, 2011 4:22 pm

primer dizajniranja: kako napraviti i održati vodenu akumulaciju i ne zavisiti od vremenskih uslova (govorimo o klimi slicnoj nasoj) i u kojoj se može gajiti i riba na prirodan način

Слика

izvor: http://www.permaculture.org.au/images/n ... tancy2.jpg
The ring can not stay here Mr. Anderson
Корисников грб
Elrond Smith
 
Поруке: 5341
Придружен: Пет Јун 25, 2010 11:01 pm

Re: ODRŽIVI RAZVOJ KAO NAČIN ŽIVOTA - Permaculture

Порукаод Elrond Smith » Суб Дец 17, 2011 5:10 pm

Vrlo konkretan primjer koji dokazuje/pokazuje šta je sve moguće učiniti ako se radi na pravi način i to bez korištenja ikakvih pesticida ili vještačkog đubriva: STVARANJE PLODNOG TLA OD PUSTINjE.

The ring can not stay here Mr. Anderson
Корисников грб
Elrond Smith
 
Поруке: 5341
Придружен: Пет Јун 25, 2010 11:01 pm

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